Ovarian cysts are very common. Most are related to ovulation and will disappear spontaneously.
Cysts are usually diagnosed by vaginal examination or ultrasound. If the cyst persists it should be removed since it can rupture, undergo torsion or may be malignant. Benign cysts can be managed with the laparoscope, although if the cyst turns out to be a cancer it should be removed via a formal laparotomy.
Depending on the situation and the age of the woman, the cyst may be removed on its own or the whole ovary may be removed.
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