An ectopic pregnancy is one which occurs outside the uterus. This is normally in the fallopian tube but can occur in other sites.
As the pregnancy grows the tube expands and starts to bleed, finally rupturing when severe blood loss can occur. Traditional open surgery requires a large incision in the abdomen and the tube is often removed. If the tube is not too damaged it is sometimes possible to leave the tube behind and simply remove the pregnancy.
All these procedures can be dealt with using the laparoscope. People who have an ectopic pregnancy are at risk of developing other ectopics.